We playfully honor this great little book as a "pre-text for Integral Permaculture": it beautifully sets the framework for the rest of the integral permaculture curriculum, as many people experience it as a memorable questioning of the whole basis of our western culture. A masterpiece of re-designing mythology (what Dana Meadows puts as the 'level 1' place to intervene in changing complex systems: the paradigm out of which the system arises).
Ishmael is a 1992 philosophical novel by Daniel Quinn. It examines mythology, its effect on ethics, and how that relates to sustainability. The novel uses a style of Socratic dialogue to deconstruct the notion that humans are the end product, the pinnacle of biological evolution. It posits that human supremacy is a cultural myth, and asserts that modern civilization is enacting that myth.
end of the story