Deep Green Resistance (excellent Integral Permaculture movement & book) names this as one of the most successful environmental activist battles, as the local resistance movement has achieved (after trying unsuccessfully by all non-violent means) to effectively block a great deal of the profits of the destruction of their ecosystems, by taking up arms.
Shell has fuelled armed conflict in Nigeria by paying hundreds of thousands of dollars to feuding militant groups.
The oil giant is implicated in a decade of human rights abuses in the Niger delta, the study says, claiming that its routine payments exacerbated local violence, in one case leading to the deaths of 60 people and the destruction of an entire town.
Platform's investigation, which includes testimony from Shell's own managers, also alleges that government forces hired by Shell perpetrated atrocities against local civilians, including unlawful killings and systematic torture.
Shell disputes the report, defending its human rights record and questioning the accuracy of the evidence, but has pledged to study the recommendations.
In this edition of the show we ask: Is Shell supporting mercenary attacks on Nigerian citizens?
(not the most reliable found of information on this but it is full of background links, which is very useful - do your own research!)
The current conflict in the Niger Delta arose in the early 1990s over tensions between the foreign oil corporations and a number of the Niger Delta's minority ethnic groups who felt they were being exploited, particularly the Ogoni and the Ijaw.
Ethnic and political unrest has continued throughout the 1990s and persists as of 2007 despite the conversion to democracy and the election of the Obasanjo government in 1999.
Competition for oil wealth has fueled violence between many ethnic groups, causing the militarization of nearly the entire region by ethnic militia groups as well as Nigerian military and police forces (notably the Nigerian Mobile Police).
Victims of crimes are fearful of seeking justice for crimes committed against them because of growing "impunity from prosecution for individuals responsible for serious human rights abuses, [which] has created a devastating cycle of increasing conflict and violence".
The regional and ethnic conflicts are so numerous that fully detailing each is impossible and impractical.
However, there have been a number of major confrontations that deserve elaboration.
Ken Saro Wiwa started writing about the struggle of the Ogoni people against Shell's destruction of their land-base when he was only a teenager. He continued by leading a non-violent resistance movement until he was hanged, aged 54, after being made to watch the hanging of 8 of his colleagues.
It was after this that the Ogoni people decided to leave non-violent tactics behind.
& the Remember SaroWiwa site
part of this playlist (more videos there)
Vídeo de YouTube
Vídeo de YouTube